Overview of Hypertext Markup Language
Are you building a web page or a web application or are you interested in how web pages are designed and created? Well, if the answer is “YES”, you must have heard about HTML. Some of us are concerned and tired of hearing about deprecated code and others are interested in learning what is new in the latest version of HTML and what are its benefits.
After reading this article, you will know about the basics of HTML and the benefits of HTML5.
What is HTML?
First, let us clear it once and for all that HTML is not a programming language. Instead, HTML is an acronym for HyperText Markup Language. A markup language is a computer language that is used to define the structure and display of plain text on a web page. Markup language uses tags and elements around the plain text to make it interpretable by computer.
HyperText is also known as “hyperlink”. It is a text with a link that is displayed on a web page providing access to other web pages or sources. You must have come across a lot of hyperlinks during your browsing journey.
So, the HTML is used for creating the web pages and it structures the content of web pages in a logical manner. HTML makes the web pages readable and it allows the browser to display the web pages correctly and, in a manner, that the human brain can interpret and process.
HTML defines the structure and purpose of the web page and it enables you to attach media, insert tables, links, lists, forms, and all kinds of other things that a web page has with the help of HTML tags also called elements.
What is HTML5?
The latest version of HTML is the 5th version referred to as HTML5 and it is an essential and fundamental technology markup language of the internet that is used for structuring and displaying the content for the world wide web. HTML5 has replaced many old HTML features to promote the standardized set of practices used by web developers.
Now, let’s have a look at the benefits of HTML5.
1. Better Accessibility: HTML5 improves the accessibility of the websites. It promotes the use of semantic markup by introducing new semantic elements like <header> element which can be used for the whole page and specific content available on the page. Some other new semantic elements include <nav>, <aside>, <footer>, <section>, <article>, <main>, <address> and <time>. These elements can help the search engines and users to find your content and web page easily because with the help of these elements you can accurately define your content.
2. Cleaner Code: HTML5 separates the design from the content without any hassle. It allows you to write the code cleanly with the help of meaningful semantics instead of div tags.
3. Mobile friendly and responsive design: Most of the people these days use mobiles and tablets for browsing instead of personal computers or laptops because mobiles are easy to use and easy to reach every time. HTML5 allows you to use responsive design practices and develop web applications which are compatible with a wide range of mobile device so that your website can cater to its users and they can access the website without any issues.
4. Compatible with multiple browsers: Along with being mobile-friendly, HTML5 enables websites to be compatible with multi browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Opera and it is easy to check which HTML5 features each browser supports by looking on the “Can I use” page. This way, you will find out in advance if there are any features of your website that might be a problem in these past versions of browsers.
5. Supports Media: Before HTML5, it was a mess to add audios and videos to the web pages because it required third party plugins or using the Flash. This shortcoming of previous versions limited the reach of web applications and opened security holes. But now with the help of HTML5 you can easily add audio and video elements to your web application.
6. User-Centric content: HTML5 allows you to know the location of the user with it’s Geo-location API. API requires the user’s consent before knowing their location. This feature allows creating content for users which is focused on their needs. This can also be useful for offering language options depending on the user’s location.
7. Improved Storage: Almost all the websites have been using cookies to keep track of user’s data. But cookies eat the storage space which also impacts the response time of web application. HTML5 offers two types of storage i.e. session and local storage instead of cookies. It allows you to temporarily store the data.
8. Offline browsing: HTML5 allows the developer to specify the files that the browser should cache. So, if you have lost your internet connection and you refresh the page or you want to go back to the page you visited previously, the page will load perfectly.
10. Game development: HTML5 allows us to develop the games easily with the help of <canvas> tag without needing 3rd party tools and plugins like Flash.
HTML5 was released with the aim of improving the World Wide Web experience for developers and for end-users, it wants developers to have more flexibility while designing websites and things like persistent error handling mean that browser developers don’t need to perform malformed HTML document tests in different browsers which means they’re saving a lot of money and loads of time too.
You can learn more about HTML at https://www.w3schools.com/
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